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Home / Conference / Theme


Borders: Landscape on the alert

The exponential growth of the urban population and its sprawl over the territory generate transitory peripheries, causing the disruption of physical, social, cultural, landscape and ecological connections. Happening, whether within the core of the cities or between cities as wells as in the rural areas, such breaches become evident in the formal structure of the city, in their inhabitants perception and particularly, in the administration and government policies.

Fragmented water edges, altered wild river beltways, wooded borders loosing biodiversity, as well as communities affected by a territory unsuitably managed contradict the fact that geography and landscape do not respond to administrative borders. The cost of interventions wrongly planned is immense and the responsibility belongs to all.

Borders as transition spaces are regarded more as spaces of articulation than as a boundary.  They offer an array of potentialities specially within the rich and diverse milieu that characterize the majority of the territories of our region. However, such opportunities have often been missed and sometimes annulled. Borders offer multiple opportunities that allow for the deployment of creative and articulated interventions in terms of ecosystem, social and functional scopes.

To understand the edges' logic and to take action, there is a need for a balanced, multidisciplinary and integrative approach that will move from ecology to urbanism, from biology to architecture, from geography to economy, from literature to music. Along this planning process there is certainly not only one right scientific approach. Therefore, it is fundamental to consolidate a synergistic approach.

Thus, we open the discussion on these powerful and dynamic territories to examine, from the holistic, interdisciplinary perspective, and openness that characterizes Landscape Architecture, all the possible interpretations available and search for new design expressions and management.

  • How to recognize and understand the landscape borders?
  • How do inhabitants of the borders relate to their landscape?
  • How to achieve a preventive management approach rather than a remedial one, when addressing a landscape border issue?
  • How to take advantage of the world-wide experiences without impacting our specific milieu?
  • What role can border agreements and common areas management play?

Through Landscape Architecture, as the analytical and project oriented discipline, resides the need to  explore new forms of intervention to generate, from the potentialities, interests and aspirations of the local community,  an effective connection between the physical and environmental recovery of the urban and suburban space, and the inclusion of  the impoverished social groups that live in these areas.

Landscape architecture emerges as a platform for local community development, taking upon the challenge of structuring synergies and complementarities between the improvement of the habitat resources and the creation of productive activities

The border landscape must be rethink, not only as a social responsibility, but as a high priority.


The Conference is part of the regular conference schedule of the International Federation of Landscape Architects for the Americas Region and will be held this year in Medellin, Colombia. In this opportunity the Conference program will be reinforced with the ratification and the official signature of the Latin American Landscape Charter Initiative. The principles that guide the Initiative will be a part of the program and activities proposed for the Conference:

  • The enjoyment of the landscape is a right of all human beings and therefore generates responsibilities.
  • The landscape is a fact of general interest.
  • The landscape is fundamental to the quality of life of society.
  • The landscape participates in the general goal of sustainability.
  • The landscape is closely linked to climate change mitigation.
  • The landscape is a fundamental part of the natural and cultural heritage and therefore of the regional and national identities.
  • The landscape is a resource favorable to economic activity that brings added value, increases production and contributes to job creation and new technologies.

The Conference sets us right in the middle of landscape borders to forge new forms of intervention, handling and management of the landscape, as well as generating new perspectives diverting from the known, as new ecologies of the landscape.

The conference is structured around a series of dialogs, city visits, exhibits, workshops and open lectures. And challenges the invited panelists to go beyond the concept of borders and explore it as a design opportunity and an environmental challenge; foreseeing a multi-scale approach when addressing diversity and landscape resilience.

The Conference sessions are organized around four interconnecting themes that explore the «Borders » subject. The program content has identified the issues that lack governmental and academic attention, and addresses geographic areas and socio cultural concerns and not political divisions or officially and / or academic defined boundaries.

The Conference program is led by International and Local speakers coming from a large array of disciplines such as ecology, geography, architecture, landscape architecture, engineering, art, and social sciences and with demonstrated expertise in the subject.

Simultaneously, to contextualize the «Border» problematic, special activities are opened to the general public, such as project exhibits, art and photography. The goal is to offer new perspectives from the threshold of the borders and to create a dialogue between contemporary peripheral landscapes captured by photographers, painters and children, among others.

  • Geographic reality vs. Forms of Occupation
  • Marginality vs. Identity
  • Public Policy vs. Landscape
  • Local innovation in the intervention

Home / Conference / Schedule

Preliminary programme

This is a preliminary programme. Please notice that changes may occur.

Wednesday, October 17th 2012

07:30 - 16:00 IFLA Americas Regional EXCO Meeting
Day 1

Only IFLA Delegates and Observers
07:30 - 08:30 Welcome, coffee and Botanical Garden tour
08:30 - 12:00 First Work Session
(Botanical Garden room Mutis I and II)
10:30 - 12:00 Inscriptions to delegates open at the BG
12:00 - 13:00 LUNCH(Botanical Garden Restaurant)
13:00 - 15:30 Workin group sessions
13:00 - 15:30
Protected areas Cultural Landscapes Communications Latin-American Landscape Initiative Education
15:30 - 17:00 Second working session
Working groups and Regional committee Closing and remarks (Botanical Garden room Mutis I y II)
17:00 - 19:00 Tour on the way to the Parque Explora
08:00 - 12:00 EDAP – IFLA
Landscape architecture Capacity Building Programme 2012 Closing session UPB
Only EDAP Participants
08:00 - 12:00 EDAP (UPB)
09:00 - 18:00 TECHNICAL VISITS
(Site to be noticed)
Option A Option B Option C
15:00 - 18:00 Inscriptions Registration desk opens at the Convention Centre Plaza Mayor
(videos sponsors)

Thursday, October 18th 2012

08:00 - 18:30 Borders: Landscapes on the alert
Conference DAY 2
Plaza Mayor Convention Center
08:00 - 16:00 Inscriptions Registration desk opens
08:00 - 08:30 OPENING CEREMONY
10 min Marcelo Bedoya SAP President
10 min Desiree Martinez IFLA President
10 min Carlos Jankilevich Américas IFLA Vice President
(Room 1 and 2) 
Panel of local speakers
25 min Alcaldía Medellín: a City in transformation- Medellin Green Belt Anibal Gaviria Correa Medellin Mayor
25 min Metro Medellín: a sustainable mobility system Tomás Andrés Elejalde Escobar
20 min UPB University: The academic challenge / Jorge Perez
20 min Urbam EAFIT: Bio 2030 Valle de Aburra/ Alejandro Echeverri
(Room 1 y 2) 
Landscape Strategies For Dynamic Environments.
(Room 1/ 2) 
10:45 - 11:15 Meeting Break
(videos sponsors)
11:15 - 11:45 SAP VISION
(Colombian Society of Landscape Architects)
Theme and Sessions
Martha Fajardo, Diana Wiesner
(Room 1 /2)
The European Landscape Convention
Public Policy vs. Landscape Session Theme by Keynote speaker
Dr. Maguelonne Dejeant-Pons
(Room 1 / 2)
12:20 - 13:00 SECOND NATURE
Local innovation in the intervention Session Theme by Keynote speaker
Juan Figueroa West 8
(Room 1 /2) 
13:00 - 14:30 LUNCH (Restaurant)
14:30 - 16:30
Geographic reality vs. Forms of occupation
Geographic reality vs. Forms of occupation
1. Ángela Franco Colombia 5. Néstor Agudelo Colombia
2. Juan de Orellana Perú 6. María Eliza Alves Brasil
3. Úrsula Bustillos Bolivia 7. Dongsei Kim USA
4. Cecilia Rencoret Chile 8. Ricardo Riveros Chile
16:30 - 17:00 Meeting Break
(videos patrocinadores)
17:00 - 18:30
Geographic reality vs. Forms of occupation
Salón 2
Marginality vs. Identity
9. Cecilia Eynar Argentina 1. Mauricio Muñoz Colombia
10. Margot Jacobs USA 2. Norma Piazza Uruguay
11. Ana Cichinni Argentina 3. Solange Serquis USA
20:00 - 22:30 SAP 30 YEARS

Friday, October 19th 2012

08:00 - 18:30 Borders: Landscapes on the alert
Conference DAY 3
Plaza Mayor Convention Center
08:00 - 12:00 Inscriptions Registration desk opens
08:00 - 08:30 ELEPA UPB CONCLUSIONS (Latin American Landscape Architecture Students Gathering)
Gloria Aponte, Carlos Sabogal
(Room 1 / 2)
Marginality vs. Identity Session Theme by Keynote speaker
Elisabete França
(Room 1 / 2) 
Geographic reality vs. Forms of occupation Session Theme by Keynote speaker
Patricia Johanson 
(Room 1 / 2) 
09:30 - 10:45 DEBATE
International and Local Speakers
Jeppe Andersen, Germán Ignacio Andrade, Gustavo Restrepo
Moderator Margarita Pacheco
(Room 1 / 2)
10:45 - 11:15 Meeting Break
(videos sponsors)
Public Policy vs. Landscape
Public Policy vs. Landscape
1. Luis Aníbal Vélez Colombia Iniciativas del Paisaje Desiree Martinez, Martha Fajardo
2. Hugo Guilmet Uruguay Min Cult_Paisaje Cultural Cafetero Juan L. Isaza
3. Diana Ríos Panamá 5. César A. Molina Colombia
4. Paulo Alas Rossi Brasil 6. Rosana Somaruga Uruguay
13:00 - 14:30 Lunch
Public Policy vs. Landscape
Local innovation in the intervention
7. Kaki, Afonso Leitao Brasil 1. Carlos Betancur Colombia
8. Martin Hoeschler Alemania 2. Marti Gil Mexico
9. Ana Rita Sá Carneiro Brasil 3. Felipe Bernal Colombia
10. Lucia Costa Brasil  
16:15 - 16:45 Meeting Break
(videos sponsors)
Carlos Jankilevich, Diana Wiesner, Paulo Pellegrino
(Room 1 /2) 
Conference Theme by Keynote speaker
Pere Sala
(Room 1 / 2) 
Conference Theme by Keynote speaker
Dr. Diana Balmori
(Room 1 / 2) 
Alexandra Moncayo
(Room 1 / 2) 
Closing ceremony

(Room 1 / 2) 
20:30 - 24:00 FAREWELL PARTY
Jardín Botánico Orquidiario

Saturday, October 20th 2012

09:00 - 18:00 Borders: Landscapes on the alert
09:00 - 18:00 TECHNICAL VISITS 
(Site to be notice)
Option A Option B Option C

Preliminary Activities

  • EDAP Program
  • IFLA EXCO Americas

Wednesday 17

  • Capacity Building Programme 2012. Closing session
  • IFLA Regional Council Meeting / Committee at the Botanical Gardens
  • Technical Visits
  • Welcome to Medellín / Parque Explora

Thursday 18

  • Inscriptions
  • Opening Ceremony Conferences by Keynote Speakers / Plaza Mayor Convention Center
  • Sessions
  • Award Ceremony of the Student Design Competition
  • Dinner SAP 30 years Celebration

Friday 19

  • Conferences by Keynote Speakers and Round Table / Plaza Mayor Convention Center
  • Sessions
  • Closing Ceremony
  • Farewell Party at the Botanical Garden Orchidiarium

Saturday 20

  • Technical Visits
  • City and Regional Tours (optional) contact Aviatur
  • Geographic reality vs. Forms of Occupation
  • Marginality vs. Identity
  • Public Policy vs. Landscape
  • Local innovation in the intervention

Home / Conference / Keynote Speakers

Mechtild Rössler


Mechtild Rossler: German historian of geography and cultural landscape specialist
UNESCO World Heritage Centre




Dr. Mechtild Rössler is a historian of geography and cultural landscape specialist. She has a MA (1984) in cultural geography from Freiburg University (Germany) with a focus on urban geography and landscape studies and a Ph.D. (Dr. rer. nat., 1988) from the Faculty for Earth Sciences, University of Hamburg on the history of planning. She joined the Research Centre of the “Cité des Sciences et de L’Industrie” (Paris, France) in 1989 on a CNRS post and worked in 1990/91 as a visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley, USA, in the Department of Geography.

In 1991 she joined UNESCO Headquarters in Paris at the Division for Ecological Sciences, and worked on Biosphere Reserves in the framework of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme. In 1992 she transferred to the newly created UNESCO World Heritage Centre as programme specialist and responsible officer for natural heritage and cultural landscapes. In July 2001 she became Chief of Europe and North America Section in charge of half of all World Heritage sites (450 in 2010) and 51 States Parties. In August 2008 she took on additional tasks in the coordination of the Regional Units at the World Heritage Centre as senior programme specialist. On 1 December 2010 she became the Chief of the Policy and Statutory Section at the World Heritage Centre.

She is teaching regularly in World Heritage studies at different universities (Turin, University College Dublin, and BTU Cottbus) and is currently carrying out a research project on the History of the World Heritage Convention led by Prof. Cameron (Canada Research Chair on Built Heritage) University of Montreal. She has published 7 books, more than 100 articles mostly on World Heritage, landscape issues, history of geography and planning as well as nature/culture interaction, and contributed to the editorial board of three international journals.


World Heritage Landscapes – a global responsibility - Dr. Mechtild Rössler

In 2012, we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the first ever global Recommendation on Landscape in the UN system, which was adopted by UNESCO’s General Conference as the “Recommendation on the Beauty and Character of Landscapes and Sites”.

On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention we focus on the crucial topic of “World Heritage and sustainable development: the roles of local communities”. At the same time we look back at 20 years of implementation of the World Heritage Convention with regard to landscapes of outstanding universal value, as the landmark decision to recognize cultural landscapes under the 1972 Convention was taken in December 1992.

Today 936 sites are included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 153 countries among them more than 70 cultural landscapes demonstrating the outstanding interaction between people and their environment. The Convention became the most universal of all conservation instruments in the field of cultural and natural heritage, as it has been signed by 189 countries.

The cultural, natural and landscape sites demonstrate the diversity of this world: In the Americas, they range from Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia, inscribed in 2011, to Papahānaumokuākea (USA), a cluster of small islands and atolls, with their surrounding ocean northwest of the main Hawaiian Archipelago to the Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila in Mexico.

These sites are now on the same footing on the list as the Taj Mahal (India), Machu Picchu (Peru), the Serengeti (Tanzania) or Uluru Kata Tjuta (Australia); they are shared among all of humanity as a gift of the past for the future. The key issue of the Convention is preservation, which is a joint task of site managers, local communities and authorities as well as all nations which have ratified the Convention. The presentation further explores the socio-economic impacts of these sites: The cultural and natural values of World Heritage places provide in principle for a resource to meet human needs while preserving both culture and the environment. At the same time they have to support not only present but also future generations, which is the essence of long-term sustainable development and the basic philosophy of the World Heritage Convention.

Finally, the presentation also covers the 2011 UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, which emerged from World Heritage discussions, but is a broader tool for countries addressing urban landscape issues.


Frédéric Rossano


Frédéric Rossano: Landscape Architect dplg,
is Senior Researcher at the Chair of Landscape Architecture
Prof. Christophe Girot at the ETH-Zurich.



Graduated in 1998 from Versailles School of Landscape Architecture, Frédéric Rossano moved in 2000 to the Netherlands, where he won In 2001 the Europan 6 competition for the Lyon site with the designers collective XO. He was until recently Associé France at KCAP Architects and Planners, Rotterdam, where he led large-scale studies and projects in Europe, while teaching and supervising several design studios and diploma projects in the Landscape and Architecture Academies of Lille, Versailles, Amsterdam and Delft, before joining the team of Professor Christophe Girot at the ETH Zurich in 2008.

His major projects at KCAP include the Meerstad Lake and City development in Groningen (The Netherlands), the redevelopment of the Garonne former industrial riverbanks in Bordeaux-Brazza Nord (France), several studies for transnational urban restructuration around Geneva (Switzerland-France), and the ZAC Balma-Gramont urban plan in Toulouse (France), which was awarded Best Design for local life quality by the French Ministry of Environment in 2011.

His practice today encompasses teaching and research activities at the ETH Zurich, focusing on landscape design and flood risks in riverine and delta environments. Main studios conducted at the ETH Zurich were the “Captive River” studio set along the Upper Rhone River in Switzerland, and the design studio “Raising Water, Shifting Land” set in the Dutch Rhine-Meuse Delta, exploring landscape protection and development strategies in one of the world’s most exposed areas to sea and river flood risks. This last studio will lead to a publication of the same name at GTA publisher in 2012, presenting the current investigations of several Professors and Landscape Designers working on deltas landscape design in Europe and Asia.

The Chair of Landscape Architecture of Professor Christophe Girot is part of the Institute of Landscape Architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH-Zurich. The Chair’s teaching and research interests span new topological methods in landscape design, landscape perception and analysis through new media, contemporary theory and history of landscape architecture. Since 2004, the Chair has engaged in a long-term investigation on waterscape design documented in the publication series “Pamphlets: Waterscape Experiments”. Through various design studios set on rivers and deltas, specific methods were developed combining precise topographical modeling and landscape design for cities and regions under hydrological threat. Professor Christophe Girot co-founded the Landscape Visualising and Modelling Laboratory (LVML) with Professor Adrienne Gret-Regamey in 2010, and currently directs an advanced design research project on the Ciliwung River in Jakarta for the ETH Future Cities Laboratory in Singapore.


After decades of continuous urban growth, many European regions have in the recent past been exposed to drought or flood damage, and several capitals and regional metropolises are today put at risk by growing natural threats. Even Switzerland, known for century as a safe haven protected by its mountains from the continent agitation and far from sea level threats, is facing today the consequences of global warming, melting glaciers and frequent extreme river discharge. As the vitality of cities now brings along doubt if not guilt regarding the consequences of exponential expansion, nature is increasingly depicted in our cultural production as a victimized entity to be enclosed and protected, or as a threatening and unpredictable force, awakening old myths and fears of global destruction.

Among growing environmental threats, flood risks appear to be the most challenging for spatial designers and landscape architects, as it brings as much fear of damage as hope for new territorial balance. Flood’s global and transnational character challenges territorial borders: sea level rise threaten all coastal cities equally, and dividing rivers become common threats. Furthermore, it transcend archetypical cultural borders between partisans of nature protection, endless cities and productive countryside, as more powerful natural forces might overrule ecologists’, farmers’, developers’ and tourists’ spatial claims. Rising waters claim more space, and water management is evolving from a long-reserved technical domain towards a wider territorial issue involving cultural, economic, and ecological dimensions, one which calls for interdisciplinary answers. As authorities are looking for effective solutions, these appear to be unattainable in terms of absolute protection, and a shift is needed from technological intervention alone to complex and multiple answers.

In this new and still evolving context, landscape architecture is becoming a key discipline, since spatial approaches are needed to find sustainable answers that not only address risk, but also envision progress and harmony for our future living environments. Through several applied design programs, our Institute has been exploring designers’ capacity to balance competitive interests, shape different scenarios and include all technological, economic, and cultural components into an integrated approach, allowing for alternative strategies to emerge. Through new modeling technologies, a growing amount of data can now support accurate topographical interventions and complex design proposals, and simultaneously generate legible communication tools. Above all, they allow us to rethink territories in dynamic terms and integrate natural processes, putting water and topography back at the center of spatial design. In times of climate change, fluctuant conditions and uncertain predictions are calling for new landscape narratives. As sustainability becomes a mantra for all decision-makers and designers, dynamic approaches and evolving landscape designs might appear to be the most long-lasting, and make landscape architecture a core discipline in securing and shaping future habitable territories.

Redefining landscape borders and safety levels (ETH-Zurich)
Redefining landscape borders and safety levels (ETH-Zurich)
Flood defense as balcony (ETH-Zurich, Knuser/Murer/Weber)
Flood defense as balcony (ETH-Zurich, Knuser/Murer/Weber)
Sculpting delta works (ETH-Zurich, Kunz/Niederberger)
Sculpting delta works (ETH-Zurich, Kunz/Niederberger)
Enjoyable wilderness (ETH-Zurich, Eickmeier/Peterer)
Enjoyable wilderness (ETH-Zurich, Eickmeier/Peterer)
Restoring Delta dynamics (ETH-Zurich, Knuser/Murer/Weber)
Restoring Delta dynamics (ETH-Zurich, Knuser/Murer/Weber)
Maguelonne Dejeant-Pons


Maguelonne Dejeant-Pons:
Head of the Cultural Heritage, Landscape and Spatial Planning Division Executive Secretary of the European Landscape Convention


European Landscape Convention

The European Landscape Convention is the first international treaty on sustainable development based on a balanced and harmonious relationship between social needs, economic activity, the environment and the culture to be exclusively concerned with the valorisation of European landscape. Its purpose is to promote landscape protection, management and planning of European landscapes and to organise European co-operation on landscape issues.

It is extremely wide in scope: it applies to the parties’ entire territory and covers natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas, which include land, inland water and marine areas. The Convention deals with degraded landscapes as well as those that can be considered outstanding. In other words, it recognises the importance of all landscapes, and not just those of exceptional beauty, as having a crucial bearing on quality of life and as deserving attention in landscape policies. A great many rural and peri-urban areas in particular are undergoing drastic change and merit greater care from the authorities and the public.

To date, 37 Council of Europe member states have ratified the Convention: Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom. A further two states have signed it: Malta, and Switzerland.

The Convention provides an important contribution to the implementation of the Council of Europe’s objectives, namely to promote democracy, human rights and the rule of law and to seek common solutions to the main problems facing European society today. By developing a new territorial culture, the Council of Europe seeks to promote populations’ quality of life and well-being.



Diana Balmori


Diana Balmori: FASLA the founding principal of Balmori Associates, is recognized internationally for her creative interplay between landscape and architecture.




Diana Balmori, FASLA the founding principal of Balmori Associates, is recognized internationally for her creative interplay between landscape and architecture.

Diana Balmori established Balmori Associates in 1990. In 2006 she created balmoriLABS within the firm to undertake and join the search for form in landscape and the intersection with architecture, art or engineering: Green Roofs, Floating Islands, Temporary Landscapes, Forms of Representation, and Zero Waste City are some of the labs.

Diana Balmori has been featured in publications and programs including Dwell, The Architects Newspaper, Monocle, El Pais, PBS, WNYC, Design Observer, Inhabitat, and Utne Reader, which named her 1 of 50 "Visionaries Who Are Changing Your World" in 2009.

In addition to teaching at Yale University in both the School of Architecture and the School of Forestry and Environmental studies, she has lectured and published extensively. Her most recent book is Groundwork: Between Landscape and Architecture, written with Joel Sanders (Random House, September 2011). A Landscape Manifesto was published by Yale University Press (2010). She is the co-author of many books, such as Saarinen Garden: A Total Work of Art; Redesigning the American Lawn: A Search for Environmental Harmony; Transitory Gardens, Uprooted Lives; The Land and Natural Development (LAND) Code: Guidelines for Environmentally Sustainable Land Development; Beatrix Farrand, American Landscapes; Garden and Campus Designs.


Founder, Balmori Associates Fellow, American Society of Landscape Architects


Ph.D. in Urban History, Highest Honors, University of California, Los Angeles Certificate in Landscape Design, Radcliffe College B.F.A. in Architecture, University of Tucumán, Argentina Joint Appointment, Yale School of Architecture and Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies Davenport Chair of Architectural Design, Yale School of Architecture William Henry Bishop Visiting Professor of Architectural Design, Yale School of Architecture


U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, Washington D.C. Senior Fellow in Garden and Landscape Studies, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C. Board Member of the Van Alen Institute, New York City Board Minetta Brook (a Public Art organization) Civic Alliance World Trade Center Memorial Committee Chair Comprehensive Design Landscape Plan for the White House National Rails-to-Trails Organization Committee Member

A Landscape Manifesto

Diana Balmori
Landscape's role for our time must be redefined. It is urgent. Two major new tasks come out of such redefinition. First, landscape can now create a new kind of livable city; second, through design it can broker the co-existence of human beings with the rest of nature. To design a livable city that co-exists with nature as a whole will require establishing different relationships among the parts. We need to realign our work and our lives in order to participate in the permanent re-creation of our world. For this new coexistence with nature and this new kind of city, the medium is landscape. The tool is design. Design must broker the new relationship with nature and make the co-existence visible through an aesthetic resolution. Design can create the framework for a new kind of urban life that leaves behind nineteenth-century urban design and twentieth-century master plans.

Manifesto Points
1. Nostalgia for the past and utopian dreams for the future prevent us from looking at our present.
2. Nature is the flow of change within which humans exist. Evolution is its history. Ecology is our understanding of its present phase.
3. All things in nature are constantly changing. Landscape artists need to design to allow for change, while seeking a new course that enhances the coexistence of humans with the rest of nature.
4. Landscape forms encapsulate unseen assumptions. To expose them is to enter the economic and aesthetic struggles of our times.
5. Historical precedents do not support the common prejudice that human intervention is always harmful to the rest of nature.
6. Shifts are taking place before our eyes. Landscape artists and architects need to give them a name and make them visible. Aesthetic expertise is needed to enable the transforming relations between humans and the rest of nature to break through into public spaces.
7. High visibility, multiple alliances, and public support are critical to new landscape genres that portray our present.
8. Landscape-through new landscapes-enters the city and modifies our way of being in it.
9. New landscapes can become niches for species forced out of their original environment.
10. The new view of plants as groups of interrelated species modifying each other, rather than as separate and fixed, exemplifies fluidity-a main motif of landscape form.
11. Nostalgic images of nature are readily accepted, but they are like stage scenery for the wrong play.
12. In his History of the Modern Taste in Gardening (l780), Horace Walpole says William Kent "was the first to leap the fence and show that the whole of nature was a garden." Today landscape "has leapt the fence" in the opposite direction, to the city, making it part of nature.
13. Existing urban spaces can be rescued from their current damaging interaction with nature.
14. Landscape artists can reveal the forces of nature underlying cities, creating a new urban identity from them.
15. Landscape can create meeting places where people can delight in unexpected forms and spaces, inventing why and how they are to be appreciated.
16. A landscape, like a moment, never happens twice. This lack of fixity is landscape's asset.
17. We can heighten the desire for new interactions between humans and nature where it is least expected: in derelict spaces.
18. Emerging landscapes are becoming brand new actors on the political stage.
19. Landscape renders the city as constantly evolving in response to climate, geography, and history.
20. Landscape can show artistic intention without imposing a predetermined meaning.
21. Landscape can bridge the line between ourselves and other parts of nature-between ourselves and a river.
22. Landscape is becoming the main actor of the urban stage, not just a destination.
23. The edge between architecture and landscape can be porous.
24. Landscape can be like poetry, highly suggestive and open to multiple interpretations.
25. We must put the twenty-first century city in nature rather than put nature in the city. To put a city in nature will mean using engineered systems that function as those in nature and deriving form from them.


Juan Figueroa


Juan Figueroa: Ing, Architect
West 8 urban design & landscape architecture b.v.
Rotterdam, Holanda


Second nature

West 8 approaches the production of nature in two different - but characteristically Dutch - ways. First, we take a classic civil engineering approach for creating landscape - a logic based on utility and necessity. Second, we are part of a landscape tradition that confers identity and, therefore, understand the need for creating symbols in the production of landscape. This method envisions a new nature, a 'second nature' of constructed landscapes that respond to pragmatic demands (water management, population growth, traffic congestion) and also reinforce the culture to which they belong (identity, symbols, expression).

In a departure from the old demolish and install engineering methodology, or the current preserve and protect model, we are adding and expressing new natures. The real future in today's debate about sustainability lies not in a political or philosophical dialogue about what we are protecting or how we are going to sustain" it, but rather how to actively create new ecologies. Creating land and then painting it: in many ways, this is the soul of Dutch culture.


Before joining the design team of West 8, Juan Figueroa has been working in USA and Colombia after his study in Colombia and strengthens his professionalism. With a multi-scale approach to complex design issues, Juan Figueroa has extensive experience from landscape interventions, waterfront projects, parks, squares and gardens to architecture, residential buildings, hotels, pavilions, bridges. I also develop concepts and visions for large-scale planning issues that address global warming, urbanization and infrastructure.

Working on an international level from its start, Juan Figueroa design projects all over the world in places such as Chicago, London, New York, Madrid, Toronto and Amsterdam. As a member of team West 8 he gained international recognition with Toronto Waterfront (CA) Madrid RIO, Park Manzanares (ES) and Governors Island (NY).

• Architecture, USB Cali – Facultad de Arquitectura, Arte y Diseño, 1989 – 1995

Professional experience:
• WEST 8- Architect designer - Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2006 – present
• NIDO Taller - Architect and landscape associate - Cali, Colombia, 2004 – 2006
• CAPA. Chicago associates planners and architects - Architect Chicago, USA, 1999 – 2004
• RUtropolis- Principal and construction associate - Cali, Colombia, 1993 – 1995

Selected Awards
• Honor Award of the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA),2009 and 2011
• Conde Nast Traveller Innovation and Design Awards (2010)
• Haward of Excellence Ontario Builders Awards (2009)

Selected Projects west 8
• Playa de Palma – Spain, 2006 – present
• Governors Island – USA, 2007 – present
• Sagrera Linear Park – Spain, 2006 – present
• Urban renewal planning and landscape design, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 2011
• Stratford City, masterplan, London, United Kingdom, 2003
• Leidsche Rijn Park, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1997 – present
• Central Park Beirut – Lebanon, 2011
• Toronto Waterfront Revitalization, Toronto, Canada, 2006 – present
• Madrid RIO-River Manzanares- Spain, 2006
• Park Noord, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2005 – present
• Bridge Vlaardingse Vaart, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands, 2005 – 2009
• Central Station, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (with Team CS), 2004 – 2012



Patricia Johanson


Patricia Johanson: Artist, Architect
Ecology, Lanscape, Functional Infrastructure




Most of my projects are located in major cities and designed in conjunction with functional infrastructure—highways, sewers, flood-basins, and constructed wetlands. 

Multifunctional and socially inclusive, these landscapes are most often perceived as large-scale sculpture and public parks, however they are also biological.  By incorporating native plants and animals living in ecological communities within the infrastructure, my projects help restore the continuity of natural systems throughout the urban fabric.

Water is at the center of my art and public projects, from recycling sewage into drinkable water and channeling property-damaging floods, to water harvesting, storm water purification and remediating acid mine drainage. 

I first began exploring the idea that designs could be aesthetic, ecological and functional during the 1960’s in a series of small drawings.  These proposals suggested solutions to environmental problems, while converting large engineering projects into public landscapes.  Today I have the privilege of building some of them.


Graduated from the City College of New York School of Architecture (B.Arch, 1977), and received an honorary doctorate from Massachusetts College of Art (1995).

For over three decades, Johanson has designed functioning works of art, creating infrastructures that reclaim impacted ecosystems and connect borders. Her projects involve the design of unusual trails and landscaping features, reintroducing endangered plant and animal species, and creating natural oxidation ponds and polishing pools for improving water quality.

Patricia Johanson’s major projects include Fair Park Lagoon in Dallas (1981-86), a municipal flood basin, and “Endangered Garden”, San Francisco (1987), a transport-storage sewer that is part of Candlestick Point State Recreation Area.  Ellis Creek Water Recycling Facility in Petaluma, California utilizes sequential wetlands to process sewage into recycled water, while providing three miles of trails through varying wildlife habitats.

“The Draw at Sugar House”, Salt Lake City, incorporates a registered dam, floodwalls and spillway into a major highway crossing, while reconnecting Parley’s Creek which was disrupted during the construction of I-80.

“Mary’s Garden” in Scranton, Pennsylvania restores surface flow and purifies water on a site devastated by coal mining.

Johanson's work has been seen in over 150 exhibitions worldwide, and her writings have been translated into nine languages.  She is author of CREATIVE SOLUTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS (1992), "Preserving Biocultural Diversity in Public Parks" (1996), and "The City as an Ecological Art Form" (1998).

Caffyn Kelley’s biography, ART AND SURVIVAL: Patricia Johanson’s Environmental Projects


Elisabete França


Elisabete França: Architect and Urban Manager



Professional Background

2005 – 2011 - Secretariat of Housing of the Municipality of São Paulo - SEHAB/PMSP

Social Housing Programs Coordinator, leading a team of 200 experts (architects, engineers, social workers and others), responsible for developing:

Slum Upgrading Program: the Housing Department is intervening in 38 slums (urban design development and works), benefiting 74,000 families.

Water Resources Environmental Program: there are works being executed in 81 areas, benefiting 66,000 families.

Land Tenure Regularization Program: 80 areas were selected, benefiting around 28,000 families.

Tenement Housing Program: the objective is to improve the conditions of habitability, relieving overcrowded buildings but allowing part of the dwellers to stay. This made effective intervention possible in the central area of the city.

Coordinator of the World Bank/Municipality of Sao Paulo Project Strategies for Planning, Financing and Implementation of Low-Income Housing and Urban Development Policy for the Municipality of São Paulo, financed by a Cities Alliance grant.

2001- 2004 – International Director of Diagonal Urban Consultancy

Led a team of 60 experts responsible for the preparation of 38 Municipality Investment Plans, one of the components of the PROMATA – Zona da Mata Program, in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The Interamerican Development Bank supports the Program with investments in the order of US$ 100 million. 2003/2004.

Led a team of experts during eight months engaged in the preparation of the HABITAT Program, aimed at reducing poverty in the urban areas of Mexico, especially in cities over 100,000 population. 2002/2003.

Led a team of experts engaged in the elaboration of the diagnosis of the central area of La Paz. The project was supported by the Interamerican Development Bank and the Municipality of La Paz. 2003.

Led a team of experts engaged in the preparation of the CDS – City Development Strategy – for the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador. The project was financed by the Cities Alliance and supported by The World Bank and the Metropolitan Government. 2001/2003.

Prepared a slum upgrading project focusing on informal settlements in Dili, East Timor, benefiting more than 10,000 families. The project was submitted to the Cities Alliance with the purpose of obtaining financial support for its implementation. 2002. UN-HABITAT.

Coordinator of the Participatory Local Development Planning Program Mejoremos Nuestro Barrio, targeted at low-income settlements in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. World Bank and Municipal Institute of Investigation and Planning of Ciudad Juárez – IMIP. 2001/ 2002.

Technical and Academic Publications




VILA NILO – Série Novos Bairros de São Paulo. Sehab (PMSP). 2011, São Paulo.

SÃO PAULO ARCHITECTURE EXPERIMENT. SÃO PAULO - PROJETOS DE URBANIZAÇÃO DE FAVELAS. SLUM Lab (Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning & Preservation) & Sehab (PMSP). 2010, São Paulo.

THE INFORMAL CITY IN THE 21th CENTURY – (Exhibition Catalogue). Sehab (PMSP). 2010, São Paulo.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS IN THE INFORMAL CITY – Harvard Graduate School of Design & Sehab (PMSP). 2009, Cambridge.

HABISP. MAPEANDO A CIDADE DE SÃO PAULO – Ademir Escribano, Eliene Coelho & Elisabete França (Coordinators). Sehab (PMSP). 2008, São Paulo.




SLUM UPGRADING: SÃO PAULO EXPERIENCE – Maria Teresa Diniz & Elisabete França (Coordinators). Boldarini Arquitetura e Urbanismo. 2008, São Paulo.

DIAGNOSTICO Y ESTRATEGIAS PARA EL PROGRAMA DE REVITALIZACION Y DESARROLLO URBANO DE LA PAZ – Gobierno Municipal de La Paz – Diagonal Urbana Consultoria y Centro de Estudios y Proyectos – Elisabete França (Coordinator). 2004, La Paz.

GUARAPIRANGA: URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL RECUPERATION IN THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO – Elisabete França (Organizer). M. Carrilho Arquitetos. 2000, São Paulo.


PhD in Architecture and Urbanism – Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism – Mackenzie University – São Paulo – 2009

Master's degree in Urban Environmental Structures - Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism - São Paulo University - FAU/USP – São Paulo – 1998.

Post graduate degree in Urban and Regional Planning from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - PUR/UFRJ - Rio de Janeiro - 1981/1982.

Post graduate degree in Urban Law - Law Faculty - University of São Paulo - 1985/1986.

Architect from the Federal University of Paraná - Curitiba - 1980.

Key Qualifications

Twenty-five years of experience in urban planning, urban management, low income housing, slum upgrading, capacity building, community participation and project management.

Twenty years of experience in public sector, leading teams responsible for preparing and implementing programs and projects related to social housing, slum upgrading, social development, urban environmental infrastructure, institutional reforms and community participation.

Engaged in assignments for both multilateral and bilateral donors (including UN-Habitat, the World Bank and IDB), in over 10 countries of Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and Asia.

Other Assignments

2004-2007 – World Bank consultant for the Honduras National Slum Upgrading Project (Barrio Ciudad).

2002 – Bienal Foundation of São Paulo – Curator of the Brazilian exhibit in the Venice Biennial (La Biennale di Venezia – 8ª Mostra Internazionale D’Architettura), in the Brazilian Pavilion, where the theme “Brazil – Favelas Upgrading” was developed.

2002-2003 - Member of the peer review group of the Cities Alliance Program.

2001 - Member of the World Bank Advisory Team for the “Upgrading Low-Income Settlements Project”. Johannesburg – South Africa.

1993-2000 - Secretariat of Housing and Urban Development of the Municipality of São Paulo - SEHAB/PMSP

As Housing and Urban Development Secretary, led a team of 800 employees coordinating and implementing important projects and programs related to housing for the poor and urban development such as:

PROVER Project, supported by the Interamerican Development Bank. 10,000 apartments were built and over 20 illegal subdivisions upgraded.

PROCAV – Program directed to the rehabilitation of urban streams and the resettlement of 1,000 families that lived in poor conditions in nearby flood-prone areas. The IDB supported the Program.

ProCENTRO – Program for the Rehabilitation of the City center. In the context of the Program, the Chá and Santa Efigenia Viaducts, São Paulo landmarks, were rehabilitated. In addition, the downtown branch of the Modern Art Museum, located in the Prestes Maia Gallery, was implemented.

As the Guarapiranga Environmental Program Coordinator for eight years, implemented a large number of slum upgrading initiatives benefiting 100,000 residents in 140 favelas and 200 illegal subdivisions in the Guarapiranga River Basin. The program was selected for the Best Practices award, a UN-HABITAT annual competition (1998).

1983-1992 – Municipal Secretariat of Planning of the Municipality of São Paulo - SEMPLA/PMSP

Technical Counselor of the Information Department – 1989-1992

Coordination of the territorial asset team – 1983-1988

Academic Activities

1990-2002 - Associate Professor of Architecture and Urban Planning at Braz Cubas University – São Paulo.


Kathryn Moore


Kathryn Moore: Landscape Architect
Birmingham England




Kathryn Moore has published extensively on design, theory, education and practice. Her book Overlooking the Visual: Demystifying the art of design (2010), crossing boundaries between philosophy, theory and practice, is an interdisciplinary analysis of consciousness and the creative process.

“In this mesmerizing book, Kathryn Moore turns traditional assumptions about design, and design education, upside down and inside out. Moore tells us that "a radical redefinition of the relationship between the senses and intelligence is long overdue", and not just demolishes existing perceptions, but through the 254-page book, offers a vision for the re-conceptualization, and teaching, of design.

…We cannot understand theory without practice and vice versa, and this integration of the theoretical and practical is inherent within the book itself where copious illustrations and design projects are as every bit integral to the book's argument than the text itself. The sequence of images of a sublime sea reminds us that the sea has smell, color, and memories. Just like the visual. Part of Moore's argument is that the visual is not just about what we see but is itself a political and emotional construct. Through eight highly engaging chapters, with titles such as "The sensory interface and other myths and legends," "Teaching the unknowable," and "Objectivity without neutrality," Moore outlines a vision for landscape architectural education with design at its core”…

Reviewed by Gareth Doherty, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


Immediate Past President of the Landscape Institute, Professor Kathryn Moore has lectured and published extensively design quality, theory and education. Her teaching and research, set within landscape architecture has clear implications for architecture, urban design and other art and design disciplines, in addition to philosophy, aesthetics and education more generally.

Recent consultancy projects include membership of the team for Martha Schwartz Inc, Living Landmarks Big Lottery Fund project, for Birmingham City Council and creating an urban vision for the Black Country with Lovejoys, Birmingham which evolved into a study of regeneration catalysts. She is currently writing a book partly funded by the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, Chicago, Illinois, proposing a radical reappraisal of the relationship between the senses and intelligence.

A trustee for CBAT, the arts regeneration agency in Cardiff, she is a member of the steering committee for the international City Park Design Competition, Birmingham City Council.

She is Past President of the Landscape Institute, chair of the working group supporting the development of a UNESCO International Landscape Convention, UK representative for IFLA, director of Design MUSE, her consultancy and Professor of Landscape Architecture at the Birmingham Institute of Art and Design, BCU, UK.


Books, Chapters, Articles
2010 - Overlooking the Visual: demystifying the art of design, Routledge, Taylor Francis Group. ISBN 978-0-415-30870-0.
2010 - ‘The Nature Culture Divide’ in Ecological Urbanism, based on the Ecological Urbanism conference May 2010, Harvard Graduate School of Design.
2009 - ‘Future Demands and High Quality Urban Design’, proceedings of the Expert Seminar, Avesta, Sweden. (web based)
2009 - ‘Implementation of the European Landscape Convention: where were the landscape architects?’, EFLA Newsletter. (web based)
2006 - ‘Transforming landscape architecture: new paradigms from the UK’, World Architecture, no 193, Beijing, China. ISSN 1002 4832. pp. 19-22.
2005 - ‘Visual Thinking: hidden truth or hidden agenda?’, Journal of Visual Art Practice, Intellect, Vol. 4, No. 2&3, special issue On-Site/In-Sight. ISSN 1470 2029.
2005 - ‘Zur Situation in den Nachbarländern’, Garten + Landschaft, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany. July. ISBN 3 7667 1635 2.
2005 - ‘Beyond the Grid and between the Lines: revitalisation and expansion of downtown Chicago’s waterfront’, in ‘Landscape Architecture in UK’, Landscape Architecture, No. 3, Beijing. ISSN 1673 1530.
2005 - ‘The Achievements of Modern Landscape Architecture in UK’, in Special Column for ‘Famous Experts’, Landscape Architecture, no 3, Beijing. ISSN 1673 1530.
2005 - ‘Letter from the Fringes’, The Architects Journal, Concrete quarterly: 212, published by EMAP, London.
2005 - ‘At the Heart of the Process’, Landscape , International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) online journal, Callwey Verlag, Munich, Germany.  
Conference Contributions

2008 - Oxford Conference on Architectural Education, 22-23 July.
2008 - ‘Architecture in African and Middle East Education and Practice’, The IFLA symposium on the Development of the Profession of Landscape, Dubai. January.
2007 - Keynote speaker, IHS International Conference, Denmark. September.
2007 - ‘Demystifying the Art of Design’, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.
2007 - ‘Studio practice: Demystifying the art of design’, Standard setting for Landscape Architecture in the 21st Century, seminar of landscape architecture for Sino-British Scholars, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
2007 - ‘The Aesthetics of Place: shaping and inspiring design ideas’, Department of Architecture, University of Hong Kong.
2007 - ‘Contemporary Trends in Landscape Architecture’, joint presentation with Nigel Thorne, President of the Landscape Institute to the British Council, research centres, practices and design institutes in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong.
2007 - Invited lecture The Aesthetics of Place, Cardiff School of Art and Design, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff.
2006 - East Anglian Branch of the Landscape Institute Christmas lecture, Newmarket.
2006 - Inaugural lecture, Dealing with the aesthetics of place, BIAD, UCE.
2006 - University of Berkeley, College of Environmental Design, San Francisco, USA. Autumn


Germán Ignacio Andrade


Germán Ignacio Andrade: Biologist
Andes University (Bogotá)



Professional Education

Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. MES. 1992.
University of Costa Rica - Organization for Tropical Studies. Population Ecology. 1981.
Andes University (Bogotá) Biologist. 1981.
University of Paris VII Jusieeu. Animal Biology. 1980.

Current position
Associated Professor. School of Management. University of Andes. Bogota. August. 2008 to present. Visiting Professor. Escuela Superior de Administración de Negocios ESAN Lima. 2001, 2009.

Working Experience
Fundacion Humedales de Colombia (Colombian Wetlands Foundation). 2007 – 2008. Project Director. Inter-institutional agreement for the management of Chingaza National Park. Colombian Parks Unit, and Bogota Water Supply Company.
World Conservation Union (IUCN). January 2003 – March 2006.
Chief Technical Advisor. Project Sustainable Management of Tambopata and Inambari Watersheds (Bahuaja Sonene National Park and Tambopata Reserve). Amazon region Peru. Funded by the Italian International Co-operation Agency DGCS (Rome).
Alexander von Humboldt Biodiversity Research Institute (Bogotá, Colombia). January 2001 to May 2001. Researcher. Protected Areas Conservation. Formulation of the strategic planning for the protected areas’ research program, and the action plan for the GEF project ”Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in the Colombian Andes (GEF-World Bank).
United National Development Program UNDP. June 2001 – to December 2002. Technical Advisor. DAMA (Environmental Authority of the City of Bogota). Development of the Protected Areas System of the Bogota District. Formulation of strategies, programs and actions for management of protected areas, especially urban wetlands and forest reserves. Management plan of the Bogota’s Eastern Mountain Preserve.
Finnish Forest and Parks Service, Metsehallitus Consulting. November 1998 to December 2000. Chief Technical Advisor “Technical Assistance for the Sustainable Management of Machu Picchu Sanctuary” Cusco, Peru. Finish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Technical assistance for the planning, implementation and monitoring of Machu Picchu Program, and direct implementation of the Technical Assistance agreement.
Alexander von Humboldt Institute (Villa de Leyva, Colombia). Project Coordinator Conservation Biology program (1996-1998): i) Coordination of the Working Group of Protected Areas and National Parks for the Colombian Biodiversity Conservation Strategy and Action Plan (Colombian Government, UNEP, IUCN); ii) Formulation of the National Wetlands Policy (Ministry of the Environment – Humboldt Institute); iii) Design and coordination of working groups for conservation action plans for endangered species; iv) Coordination of the inter-institutional task force for listing endangered species and Red Data Book; v) Representation of the Colombian Scientific Authority to CITES (coordinator and delegate to COP X, 1997 Zimbabwe); and vi) General Director in charge several times, during the Director’s absence (Supervision of professional staff 15).
Fundación Natura Colombia. Executive Director (1994-1996). Institutional guidance, development and fund raising (World Wildlife Fund U.S; The Nature Conservancy U.S; Conservation International; The Government of the Netherlands; International Council for Bird Preservation; Fundación Oro Verde (Germany); The World Bank; Audemars Piguet Foundation (Switzerland), and dozens of minor contributors, including a membership campaign).
Fundación Natura Colombia. Scientific Coordinator (1988 to 1993) Implementation of La Paya National Park program (The Nature Conservancy USAID).
INDERENA. Colombian Environmental Authority (1986 – 1987). Field Biologist. Technical documents for the selection and design of Utría National Park in the Chocó Region (54.999 ha), Cahuinarí National Park (450.000) in the Colombian Amazon, Guanentá Alto Rio Fonce Wildlife Sanctuary (10.000 ha). As founder member of Fundación Puerto Rastrojo, I also participated in the creation of Chiribiquete National Park, the largest protected area in Colombia (1.200.000 has).
Environmental and scientific writer. I have written on ecological sciences and environment since 1984, weekly in El Espectador newspaper (1987 to 1999) and sporadically in El Tiempo from 1991. I co-founded Colombian Eco-Lógica Magazine, and contributed to dozens of popular publications in-country and internationally, such as: "Espacio Común (Colombian National Park Magazine), "Cromos", "Colombia, sus Gentes y Regiones (Colombian Geographic Institute), "Flora, Fauna y Areas Silvestres" (Park network FAO), "Estrategia", and Rumbos (Peru travel magazine).

Scientific and Technical Editor
Review of manuscripts for peer reviewed journals: Journal of Sustainable Forestry (Yale), Journal of Environmental Management; Conservation Biology (January 2001), Caldasia (ICN Colombia), Ornitologia Colombiana (ACO Colombia), Perez Arbelaezia (Bogota Botanical Garden), Gestión y Ambiente (Management and Environment) Colombian National University (Medellin) and Colombia Forestal (Colombian Forestry) Universidad Distrital.
Member of the editorial board for the book: Wetlands of Bogota and the Sabana. Bogota Water Supply Company (EAAB) and Conservation International. 2003.
Machu Picchu Program (Governments of Finland and Peru). Book: “Situación ecológica y ambiental del Santuario Histórico de Machu Picchu. Una aproximación”.
The Nature Conservancy (U.S.). “Wings from Afar”. 1996.
Fundación Natura Colombia. Editor “Carpanta Selva Nublada y Páramo”.
Colombian Scientific Agency (Colciencias). Editor: Amazonia Colombiana Diversidad y Conflicto.
Interamerican Development Bank IADB and UNDP New York. Amanecer en los Andes. December 1995- January 1996. UNDP New York; and review of the book "Amazonia without myths". January - March 1992.

Supervisor of 7 undergraduate theses. Biology. Javeriana University. (Bogota) 1985-1989), Universidad de San Antonio Abad in Cusco Perú (2000).
Teaching Assistant. Field Course in Ornithology. Macuira National Park June - July 1984.

Lectures, conferences and International Presentations
Intl Symposium for Knowledge and Systems Science and Pre-Conference Workshops Towards a Framework for the Observation, Understanding, and Management of Socio-Ecological Systems: Insights From Socio- Ecological, Institutional, and Complexity Theory. Andrade, G.I.; Espinosa, A.; Guzmán, D.; Wills, Eduardo. Hull University UK. Julio Agosto 2011.
November 2004. Tambopata Inambari agrarian colonization frontier. From shifting coffee cultivation to Eco-agriculture. III World Conservation Congress. IUCN. Bangkok.
July 2001. Bio-cultural Restoration: a new management paradigm for Lake Fúquene, Colombia. Living Lakes Conference. Global Nature Fund. Ulan Ude Lake Baikal, Russia.
Forests and Protected Areas. The Colombian Case. International seminar on forests and protected areas. Environment Australia. Canberra. Septembre 1998.
Planning and acting for Biodiversity Conservation in the Colombian Chocó Biogeographic Region. International World Heritage Conference, Cairns. Australia. June 1996.
Plan de Acción Forestal para Colombia, Una perspectiva no gubernamental. Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana. April 1989.
Los resguardos indígenas como una estrategia de conservación de la selva tropical colombiana. IDOC Roma y Bolzano, Italia. Marzo. 1987

Short-term (less than one-year or part time) consultancies

Ministry of Environment and USAID. Advisor. Strategic document for the design of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. May-June 2011. Bogota.
Ministry of Agriculture. 2010. Advisor. Member of the technical group in charge of writing the decrees originated in the economic, social and ecological emergency. December 2010 –January 2011.
Fundación Humedales and Ecopetrol. Advisor. The vulnerability of the socio-ecological system of lake Fúquene to climate change. 2009 – 2010.
Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. Consultant. Management of Martos Fen. Guidelines for ecological resotration. December. 2010.
MacArthur Foundation. USA: Advisor. Independent Evaluation of Conservation and Sustainable Development Grants (2000-2009) for the MacArthur Foundation. With Michael P. Wells, Claudia Alderman, Jyotsna Puri, Sarah L. Timpson, Meg Gawler, Cecilia Larrosa de Fernandez, Kathy MacKinnon
Pro indígena – GTZ . Consultant. National assessment of community participation in protected areas. Andean – Amazonian meeting on community participation in protected area management. La Paz. November 2009.
Universidad de los Andes and Corporinoquia. Consultant. 2009. Strategic guidelines for Corporinoquia action and environmental management in the Orinoco region of Colombia.
Universidad Distrital- Secretaria de Ambiente de Bogotá. Consultant. White papers on i) Land use planning scheme of Bogotá (POT), and ii) proposal of a system of categories for the protected areas system of Bogotá District. 2009.
Instituto Alexander von Humboldt. Consultant. Review of the mission aspects pertinent to the institutional reengineering process. January to April 2009.
Fundación Humedales e Instituto Alexander von Humboldt. Consultant. Conceptual and methodological guidelines for the formulation of biodiversity strategy conservation in the Lake Fúquene water catchment area. June to– December de 2009.
Fundación Natura. Advisor. Conceptual guidelines for the vulnerability assessment of the Oak conservation corridor. Funded by Mac Arthur Foundation. 2009. Bogotá.
Universidad Javeriana. Consultant. Revisión de la Política Nacional de Biodiversidad. Septiembre a Diciembre de 2008.
World Wildlife Fund. 2007 – 2008. Advisor. Amazon biome conservation strategy, based upon ecological functional attributes. Inputs in a form of a “White paper” and online discussion to the Amazon Conservation Strategy under construction.
The Nature Conservancy. 2006 – 2008. Advisor. Design and support of a priority-setting framework (DSS) for the Colombian National Protected Areas System. Memorandum of Understanding for the support of the Colombian National Action Plan on Protected Areas.
World Bank. 1999- May 2006. Biodiversity Expert. Assessment of biodiversity conservation in the current Colombian GEF portfolio, and support for the Canaima (Venezuela) conservation project.
Conservation International Colombian and Colombian Environmental Studies Institute (IDEAM). January – August 2005. Consultant. Technical support for the formulation of the Colombian National Adaptation Programme to Climate Change. Highland Ecosystem Component (INAP). GEF. World Bank.
UNDP - Peruvian Office. June – July 2002. Chief of Mission. Mid-term evaluations of the Bi-national GEF project “Biodiversity conservation in the lake Titicaca watershed”.
United Nations Environmental Program (GEF Unit, Nairobi). Consultant. Assessment of Biodiversity Conservation Projects and Priority setting. P-4 level short-term consultancy. August – November 1994.
International Development Bank IADB. Short-term consultant. Formulation of Strategic guidelines for the conservation of the Andean-Ecuadorian Amazon Region, for the Ministry of the Environment, Ecuador. From December 2000 to April 2001.
Colombian National Parks Administrative Unit (UAESPNN), and Government of the Netherlands. Consultant. Definition of a system of protected areas categories for the Colombian National Protected Areas System (SINAP. From September 2004 – to March 2005; synthesis of lessons learnt in cooperation (July – October 2005).
GTZ and Fundeco (Bolivia). Consultant and Coordinator of the working group on Mega- development Projects and the conservation of biodiversity, Andean Regional Biodiversity Strategy. From June 2001 to November 2001. (International Development Bank).
Government of the Netherlands. Consultant. (Reformulation of the Protected Area Conservation project, Chocó Region, Colombia). 1993
Interconexión Eléctrica and World Bank. Consultant Assessment of biodiversity and ecological aspects of “National Environmental Evaluation of the Electrical Sector”. September to October 1993.
INGETEC. Ltda. Consultant for environmental impact assessment of the road "Carretera Marginal de la Selva" designed through La Macarena and Tinigua National Parks, Colombian Amazonia. Coordinator. Ingetec Inc. 1992 Bogotá.
CVC. Consultant biodiversity assessments ant the design of a Regional Park in the Calima II Hydropower Facility area. Corporación del Valle del Cauca (CVC) Cali.
Colombian Consultancy Inc. (Consultoria Colombiana S.A. Consultant – Coordinator of the environmental impact assessment of the Arauca-Santander High-power Line. Bogotá.
INGETEC. Field Biologist. Management Plan of "El Guavio" Watershed. Bogota. 1982 -1983.

Working Languages
Spanish (native), French (fluent), English (fluent), Portuguese (understand and basic conversation).

Current memberships
Technical Advisory Committee. Colombian Environmental Forum. Elected September 2011.
Scientific advisory board. Humboldt Institute. Bogota. November 2008 -2011. Reelected 2011 – present time.
Protected Areas Colombian Fund (Fondo Patrimonio). Member of the Board of Director. Elected in January 2006.
Member of the IUCN Colombian Committee (coordinator from 2007 – 2011) and IUCN Commission of Protected Areas CPA.

Past memberships
President of the Colombian Chapter Society of Wetland Scientists SWS 2002-2006.
Member of the board of directors of Fundación Natura from 1986.
Board of directors the Botanical Garden of the city of Bogotá. 2002 – 2004.
Colombian Man and the Biosphere Scientific Committee. 1998 - 1999.
Scientific Committee. Fundación Pro Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. 1995 – 2000.
Jury. National Award Culture and Environment, 2001. Ministry of Culture Colombia. Amazon).

Honors and Scholarsips Overbrook Foundation. Columbia University. Scholarship for production of scientific publications. New York. 2009 – 2010.
Alcoa Foundation Fellow. Sustainable development and biodiversity conservation. 2007.
Society of Wetland Scientists (U.S.A.) Grant for the promotion of Laguna Fúquene Colombia, as Ramsar site. January – June 2002.
Research Stimulation Program Award. Colombian Scientific Agency. Colciencias. 1995.
Colombian National Ecology Award. Fund for the Protection of the Environment. National Electric Fund. 1995 for the work" Sustainable use of the tropical rain forest ".
Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Development Award. Fundación Alejandro Angel Escobar. 1995. Bogotá. October 1995.
Association of Journalists of Bogota (CPB). Environmental Journalism National Award. October 1993.
National Ecology Award. Fund for the Protection of the Environment National Electric Fund. 1993. Special Mention for the book "Colombian Amazon: Diversity and Conflict".
Underhill Foundation. New York. Scholarship for Master Studies at Yale University.
UNDP and Colombian Government. Environmental Journalism Award . 1989.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Panama. Exxon Scholarship Barro Colorado Island March - May 1986.
Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) San José Costa Rica. Scolarship for the Course Population Ecology at Universidad de Costa Rica.


Pere Sala


Pere Sala: Coordinator of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia




The Landscape Observatory of Catalonia and the borders

Today’s landscape borders are the everyday landscapes for millions of people all over the world. Due to their social, economic and environmental importance, the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia is paying special attention to them, bearing in mind the Catalan landscapes, inspired by the European Landscape Convention (ELC), but also considering the worldwide perspective.

To be located in the middle of the borders implies a feeling of being in a permanent process of creation and construction of landscape. The border landscapes usually have great capacity for reinventing themselves, for permanently creating new values and new identities.

The population generally perceives borders as dissonant, degraded zones, or as the antithesis of landscape quality, because some are spaces with no apparent meaning, coherence or identity. However, obvious or latent values emerge from the middle of the seeming chaos and confusion, adding potential the borders. We should pursue and encourage traces of latent values, as a way of endowing these spaces with more quality and identity. In this way, borders can become ideal scenarios for creative, integrated innovation projects and to imprint character (to recover memory and place identity, while involving the inhabitants in the project). Borders are spaces for opportunities for the economy, cultural activities, leisure, transport, or energy production, among other functions, generating beneficial synergies.

How should we intervene in landscapes with huge potential but of more complex legibility than certain urban, natural, or rural landscapes? How can we inject diversity into the homogeneity that sometimes characterizes the borders? How can they be a focus of attraction for new economies? How can they become attractive for tourism? On the other hand, these places often produce a deep conflict of representation and meaning: How can we make the new inhabitants acquire a sense of place from these spaces?

The borders are a type of landscape that must be carefully thought out and treated as a main player in the structuring of the territory. To narrate the border from the border itself can be greatly suggestive, as well as an invitation to creativity, because it offers new clues for the interpretation of the contemporaneity which are difficult to perceive from the town centre or from natural and rural surroundings. For this to happen, we will have to substantially modify the time and the place scales we are used to dealing with, and understand that today’s social, symbolic (and even landscape) terms of reference are constantly changing.

Regarding the border landscapes, as well as all landscapes, the birth of the Latino American Landscape Initiative (LALI) and the Landscape Observatory of Latin-America have to be celebrated as two international initiatives facing Latino American landscapes today, promoting landscape protection, management and planning, and organising Latino American co-operation on landscape issues.


Degree in Environmental Sciences at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB). Coordinator of the Landscape Observatory of Catalonia (www.catpaisatge.net) since its creation, in 2005. As such, he supervised the Landscape Catalogues of Catalonia. His work addresses the integration of landscape issues into public policies, the implementation of landscape policies in Europe, and the link between landscape and development from national to local levels. Emphasis is placed on emerging landscapes. He is a member of the Council of Europe group working on the Information System for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention.

He is a teacher of the Master in Landscape Intervention and Management (Autonomous University of Barcelona, UAB) and of the Master in Regenerating Intermediate Landscapes (International University of Catalonia, UIC), and he is collaborating on other university postgraduates and courses (University of Girona, University of Lisboa, University of Sevilla). He recently coordinated the International Workshop “Landscape and Climate Change” (University of Girona-University of Venice, 2012)

From 2003 to 2005, he worked at the Ministry of the Environment and Housing of the Government of Catalonia. His work focussed on the application of the environmental assessment of public plans and programmes, as well as the promotion of sustainability policies and strategies at local level.

Editor, coeditor or author of books on landscape and sustainability matters. Some titles are “Catàleg de paisatge. Les Terres de Lleida” (2010); “Landscape and public participation” (2010); “Challenges of the Implementation by the European Region of the Directive on Strategic Environmental Assessment” (2001); "L'evolució del paisatge de Sant Feliu de Guíxols" (2001). He is also author of several chapters and articles for specialist landscape publications and magazines.


Jeppe Aagaard Andersen


Jeppe Aagaard Andersen is the recipient of numerous high profile awards including:
AILA Australia Landscape Architecture Design Award 2009
Eckersberg Medal 2004
The Danish Road Directorate Road Prize 2002
Europa Nostra Heritage Award 2000
NYKREDIT Architecture Prize 1993.


Jeppe Aagaard Andersen (1952), Danish architect and landscape architect, trained at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen 1980. Jeppe Aagaard Andersen has worked both as a landscape architect and as a free artist. He has been connected to the University of Western Australia and University of Birmingham, United Kingdom in a series of design workshops at and works as Ax:jon Johnson sustainable urban design,Guest Professor at University of Lund, Sweden 2011 and 2012 .

Jeppe Aagaard Andersen Landscape Architect works bring expertise in seafront landscaping, urban design, parks and architecture. JAAA has workt on projects worldwide, recently constructing the Camperdown Public Domain, the vast public space at Sydney University Campus, Australia. Central Park Sydney and refurbishment of Hyde Park Sydney. Other worldwide projects include King Abdullah II Park in Amman, Jordan, construction of two sea baths in Malmö, Sweden, as well as a number of European squares, parks and promenades. Jeppe Aagaard Andersen Landscape Architects’ services have for a number of years included historical refurbishment of parks, quays, squares and historical monuments, the most recent of those projects being the Kronborg Culture Port project, a regeneration of the historical settings of the UNESCO world heritage listed Royal Castle of Kronborg in Elsinore, Denmark.

Jeppe Aagaard Andersen Landscape Architects offer a design that follows a classical approach towards completely free interpretations of space, form, nature and culture, often on a very large scale. All our work illustrates a fine sense of space and shape, sense of nature and interaction.

Jeppe Aagaard Andersen Landscape Architects have been involved in a number of historical refurbishment projects, and are a member of ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites. Jeppe has been a vice president of the International Federation of Landscape Architects and chairman of the International Federation of Landscape Architects Central Region which encompassing Europe, Africa and Russia.

Jeppe Aagaard Andersen Landscape Architects has participated in and received awards in a large number of Danish, Scandinavian and International competitions, most recently the office was awarded equal first place for the International Hobart Waterfront Competition, Hobart, Australia.


Home / Conference / Presentations


PatrocinadorIn order to gather multiple views within the general framework of Borders: Landscapes on the Alert, the organizers of the IFLA-AR 2012 conference, SAP and IFLA, and Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (UPB), in its role as academic coordinator, invite all landscape architects or similar professionals who wish to participate as speakers, to submit their proposals for evaluation.

The goal is to make contributions to the discussion of issues pertaining to the landscape borders now on the alert, including potential innovative solutions for this circumstance in which landscapes find themselves.


The discussion should focus on THE LANDSCAPE and remain within one of the following four themes:

  1. Geographic reality vs. Forms of Occupation
  2. Marginality vs. Identity
  3. Public Policy vs. Landscape
  4. Local innovation in the intervention

+ Download document with all information about Presentations >


Abstract in Spanish or English of 500 to 1000 words in Arial 12 and 1.15 spacing, without cover page, indicating the title, theme and category. Please do not include author’s name.

In a separate page, include the name(s) of the author(s) and CV(s) in no more than 5 lines, indicating the title of the presentation, theme and any observations deemed appropriate.

Home / Conference / Technical visits

Technical visit 1

Under construction.

Technical visit 2

Under construction.

Technical visit 3

Under construction.

Home / Conference / Organizers/Sponsors



  • Date: October 17 to 20, 2012
  • Organizer: Sociedad Colombiana de Arquitectos Paisajistas
    www.sapcolombia.org >
  • International Cooperation: International Federation of Landscape Architects
    www.iflaonline.org >
  • Theme: Borders: Landscapes on the Alert
  • Venue: Plaza Mayor Convention Center
    www.plazamayor.com.co >
  • Operator: AVIATUR
    www.aviatur.travel >
  • Airline: AVIANCA

Organizing committee:

  • Martha Fajardo: Director mfajardo@grupoverdeltda.com
  • SAP Board: Conference content, design and arrangement
  • Diana Wiesner: International relations
  • Patricia Navas: Graphic design and advertising
  • Marcelo Bedoya: Trade relations and marketing
  • Noboru Kawashima: Treasure
  • Andrés Ospina: Local coordinator (Medellin)
  • Gustavo Restrepo: Strategic Advisory
  • Raquel Peñalosa: Internacional Advisory


Academic Component:

    Landscape Design Master Programme
    School of Architecture
    Specialization in Landscape + SAPso



Our partners make the IFLA SAP Regional Conference in Colombia possible.
Please visit their website.

  • ProExport:
  • Bureau de Medellín:
  • Avianca
  • Alcaldia de Medellín
  • Metro de Medellín
  • Escuela de Arquitectura y Diseño | Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana | Maestría en Diseño del Paisaje
  • Bureau de Medellín
  • Universidad de La Salle Bogotá Facultad de Ciencias del Hábitat, Bogotá (Manejo y Coordinación Concurso Estudiantil abierto a todas las profesiones afines)
  • Universidad Nacional de Manizales Facultad de Arquitectura, Manizales (Manejo y Coordinación Concurso exhibición Fotográfica)
  • Universidad Piloto de Colombia
    Carlos I. Rueda Plata, PhD

    We carry our Landscapes with us along the way. It is something felt that goes beyond pure visual perception. In addition to being an important part of our lived experience, an inner (mental) landscape construct is deeply rooted in the way we appropriate the world both as individuals and communities. Landscape is at the crossroads of numerous disciplinary fields and creative métiers which range from human or historical geography to environmental studies, from architecture to poetics. More than a mirror of culture, one could say that landscape is a cultural construct itself. John Dixon Hunt's simple and neat conceptual categories on landscape are of great significance when attempting to open academic horizons to explore this subject. Lucidly he proposes the existence of three main types of landscape which in turn refer us to three kinds of 'nature': first, second and third nature.

    Cultural Landscape: second nature
    “All landscapes are fabricated landscapes except the solitudes”.

    The idea of cultural landscape implies the transformation of nature across cultures and human civilizations. Cicero properly understood it as “Alteram [other] “Naturam” (nature); man made nature. In practical terms cultural landscapes include bridges, aqueducts, roads, the city itself "and all that men and women introduce in the physical world to make it more inhabitable. " when studying cultural landscapes we look at “the elements of landscape created by the people […]". The subject crosses the territories of history, anthropology and of course, architecture. The field study of cultural landscapes includes all aspects of material culture, even those with apparent minor impact such as clothing or utensils, as well as cultural practices like drawing or mapping. Non material aspects like idiosyncrasies, relative to cultural facts impacting the physical milieu are also study subjects as both the material and the immaterial come together in the making and transformation of our "place-world.”

    Primeval landscape: First Nature: Conceptual horizon or illusory lost world?
    “Everything good in nature and the world is in that moment of transition”.

    The existence of a primeval nature untouched by human hands presupposes today the impracticable condition of a 'return' to an original nature. However such an impossible return should not exonerate us from reflecting upon the implications of our actions over nature as such. We introduce in this way human consciousness on natural change, whether it happens by human action or not. This way we develop a sense of responsibility of what we consider to be natural. A dimension of reflection and action that is ulteriorly ethical.

    Third Nature: the Garden
    “The gardens that have graced this mortal Eden of ours are the best evidence of humanity's reason for being on Earth”

    In a metaphorical, ample sense, all architecture should aspire to the condition of being a garden, for the garden represents the will and talent of mankind to re-create heaven on Earth. In a more direct, but still analogous manner, in today's world, gardens may well represent the best role and final objective of landscape architecture.

    On Territory

    Territory within our line of research is conceived as a concept which involves not only topographical (physical) aspects but also geographic ones as a whole (i.e., urban and human geography), anthropologic and socio-cultural concerns, preservation and heritage, and all studies surrounding the notion of place.

    Framing “the Landscape” within the Piloto Architecture Program.

    The following conceptual permutations articulate our research concerns with Landscape.

    Cultural Landscape and Territory

    This conceptual pair englobes the central concern with the Homo faber. How and why do we transform the existing world and the so-called 'natural' environment from the perspective of the construction of the landscapes we inhabit? And, how an action upon the planet which we consider essential to human life on Earth might be more conscious of its impacts and/or ramifications beyond immediate or short lived concerns? This is an open question, a philosophical one, open to diverse argumentations which, in the scope of our research line we link to broader questionings on the ethical limits of technology, material culture and world making proposed for instance by the sociologist of technology and cultural critic, Richard Sennett.

    'Natural' Landscapes and Sustainability

    Taking consciousness of that, hypothetically at least, untouched "first nature" represents as well the preoccupation for all living systems, their preservation and the restitution of a more than desirable balance to Earth. The topic in question corresponds with the current planetary paradigm of sustainability. We focus on it, paying attention to a unified ethos of poetic and esthetic concerns.

    Design: Landscape Architecture

    To the garden as metaphor corresponds design as a research subject, particularly the concern with: how do cultural, material and spatial patterns take shape as part of an understanding of the notion of "site as a potential whole? This conceptual construct on site includes its historicity and all geographic determining factors with a potential for imaginative transformation into a new place; a new existential space. As Robert Smithson (1968) pointed out “The gardens of history are being replaced by the sites of time.”

  • Universidad EAFIT / URBAM Medellín (Manejo y Coordinación del Debate Bordes: nuevos valores, nuevas identidades)
  • Universidad del Valle Especialización en Paisajismo
  • Fundación Cerros de Bogotá
  • Carta colombiana del paisaje
  • Iniciativa Latinoamericana del Paisaje LALI
  • Urban Play
    Soluciones Urbanas entretenidas para una vida saludable
    Urbanplay nace a fines del 2003 buscando dar solución a la poca innovación en el equipamiento urbano existente para las áreas verdes de uso público y privado de la época.
    Los clásicos juegos infantiles de acero, madera o plástico en los que todos nos criamos habían cumplido bien su objetivo, pero los tiempos habían cambiado y las necesidades del niño requerían de nuevas respuestas. Aparte del poco desafío que ofrecían estos juegos, habían surgido problemas de depresión y obesidad infantil producto de la soledad y el sedentarismo por las muchas horas de niños sentados frente al computador o TV.
    Ante esta realidad, los actuales Gobiernos ha puesto énfasis en el desarrollo de hábitos y estilos de vida saludables a través de distintos programa para vivir sanamente, trabajando dos conceptos esenciales: Alimentación saludable y Actividad Física.
  • Etricol SAS
  • Revista Escala
  • Auros
  • Argos
  • Sura
  • Anemoi - Benito
  • N&B PIA sas Proyectos Integrales de Arquitectura
  • Diana Wiesner
  • Grupo Verde Ltda.
Official Airline

Attend this meeting via Avianca and enjoy preferential treatment in land and aboard. To do this, we have available discounted air tickets between 15% and 20%, if you're flying domestic route, or between 4% and 15% if your flight is in one of our international routes. These discounts apply to specific rates * and only on flights operated by Avianca.

Book and buy your ticket at our call center lines, direct outlets or travel agencies. To access to the discount just mention GN002 code (assigned to internal management of the event) and present the accreditation of the event (registration or invitation).

For further information go to Avianca.com, About Us link, More services and partners, Congresses or just click here.

* Discounts do not apply to promotional rates, Internet, private or net.

Home / Conference / The Landscape Architecture

About IFLA

The International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) is the body representing Landscape Architects worldwide, providing leadership and networks that support the development of the profession and its effective participation in the realization of attractive, equitable and sustainable environments.

Its purpose is to coordinate the activities of member associations when dealing with global issues, and to ensure that the profession of landscape architecture continues to prosper as it continues to affect the design and management of our environment.

The Federation aims to provide a united voice and advocates high standards in tertiary education and practice. IFLA provides a forum for debate and networking, as well as for the promotion of the profession and the services which the profession provides.

The profession of landscape architecture will play an increasing role in the future of our planet through the aesthetic, social and ecological skills of landscape architects.

International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA)
63, Avenue d’Auderghem, B-1040 Bruxelles, Belgium

SAP Member projects

Here are some projects created by some of our members:

Home / Conference / Competitions & Exhibition

Photograph competition

SponsorThe invitation to this photography competition is part of the IFLA REGIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE AMERICAS 2012, that will take place in Medellín, Colombia, in October 17-20 under the agis of the Colombian Society of Landscape Architects, with the international cooperation of the International Federation of Landscape Architects.

The organizing committee of the Conference, with the technical support of the Landscape and Territory Research Group of Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Manizales, summons participants to the Photography Competition on BORDERS: LANDSCAPES ON THE ALERT”.

The theme of the competition is that or borders seen as frontiers or areas of transition between the constructed and/or urbanized context and the natural and/or undeveloped context, as fundamental structures in the landscape.  All photographs related to this context as a fundamental resource for, and access and enjoyment of, the landscape as a right for all people and as an indispensable element for society, will be accepted.

Citizens over 18 and coming from any country will be able to participate.  Participation in the competition is totally free of charge.

Inquiries may be addressed to the following e-mail address:

Student competition

SponsorThe central theme of the IFLA Regional Conference of the Americas 2012 revolves around borders and how their dynamics generate vulnerability conditions in the territory, in urban, peri-urban and rural areas, not only at a physical and functional level, but also in ecologic and environmental, social and cultural, productive, economic, political and administrative terms.  Hence the relevance and pertinence of approaching the complexity of these dynamics from a comprehensive, inter-disciplinary perspective and, in particular, within a framework of social responsibility.

The main objective of the competition is to foster reflection upon the relevance of borders in territorial development and their frailty under the accelerated dynamics of urban expansion.  It also seeks to encourage students to look in depth at the repercussions of this professional practice on territorial dynamics, from an ethical, professional and disciplinary perspective.

For further information please download the document of the competition.


Landscape design or landscape architecture is a discipline characterized by a holistic understanding of space. It integrates multidisciplinary knowledge and offer suggestions for use and improvement of the territory, in terms of both human and economic development, based on respect for ecosystems, so sustainability is considered as a structural axis of the landscape intervention.
Landscape architecture interprets the environment as a wealth sum, which may be potentiated. Unlike other approaches, potential consequences in time are planned, not only actions of immediate effect on the territory are considered. It includes environmental conditions, history, cultural activities, scenic and aesthetic quality of space, as identity of the community that inhabits the places:

According to that, education towards landscape is more urgent and anavoidable every time. Trainning landscape profesionals is a non delayable responsability and promises to contribute to the integral development of our environment.

¿What is it about?

edap programme es is a teaching qualification and updating project. Its objective is to promote training for Landscape Architecture development in Latin American countries, through building teaching capacities in this knowledge area in universitary level, even undergraduated or graduated.
The edap program is a proposal leaded by institutions committed with the Landscape: The IFLA (International Federation of Landscape Architects) and the Master of Landscape Design at the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana in Medellín. The program, scheduled in two parts, was originally scheduled to be held in March and October 2012. Due to various reasons, it had to be rescheduled as follows:
PART I: 8 to 17 October (Linking up with the IFLA Regional Conference 2012).
PART TWO: from 18 to 27 March 2013 (covering the first Eastern days of)


In academic terms, the program is designed as a Diploma ( Colombian educational structure) certifiable, with 100 hours of presence. It has a solid group of teachers, mostly from North America, where landscape is a consolidated profession with more than a century of tradition. Four of the teachers speak only English, so much of the course will be in that language, but we have consecutive translation for the theoretical parts with these teachers. In practice the parties expect the collaborative attitude and collegiality.


The course will be given at the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Laureles (Block 10, designated in the photo), located in an area easily accessible, with some sessions at the headquarters of El Poblado.

Indicated in yellow spots is the Cra 70 on which there are hotels from 4 star to hostels. Those interested are asked to fill out the format of intent to participate. As tuition costs, it is estimated that each of the two modules do not exceed $ 600 for a maximum total of 1,200 U.S. dollars.


The International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) is the body representing Landscape Architects worldwide, providing leadership and networks that support the development of the profession and its effective participation in the realization of attractive, equitable and sustainable environments.

Its purpose is to coordinate the activities of member associations when dealing with global issues, and to ensure that the profession of landscape architecture continues to prosper as it continues to affect the design and management of our environment.

The Federation aims to provide a united voice and advocates high standards in tertiary education and practice. IFLA provides a forum for debate and networking, as well as for the promotion of the profession and the services which the profession provides.

The profession of landscape architecture will play an increasing role in the future of our planet through the aesthetic, social and ecological skills of landscape architects.

International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA)
63, Avenue d’Auderghem, B-1040 Bruxelles, Belgium

Christine Bavassa
Phone +32 (0) 2 230 37 57
Fax +32 (0) 2 230 37 57


Student Competition

Under construction.


Landscape Architect: The role

The professional tasks that landscape architects collaborate is very broad, some examples of project types include:

  • The planning, design of new developments.
  • Civil design and green infrastructure. Highways, transportation structures, bridges, and transit corridors.
  • Sustainable development.
  • Parks, botanical gardens, arboretums, greenways, and nature preserves. Recreation facilities; i.e.: playgrounds, golf courses, theme parks and sports facilities.
  • Urban design, town and city squares, waterfronts, pedestrian schemes, and parking lots.
  • Large to small urban renewal planning and design.
  • Natural park, tourist destination, and recreating historical landscapes, and historic garden and conservation studies.
  • Stormwater management including rain gardens, green roofs, and treatment wetlands.
  • University Campus and site design for public institutions and government facilities.
  • Residential landscape Urbanism master planning and design.
  • Housing areas, industrial parks and commercial developments.      
  • Environmental assessment and landscape assessment, planning advice and land management proposals.


Under construction.

Why invest in landscape?

  • Landscape archiitecture
  • Manifesto
  • Latin American letter of lanscape - regional iniciative
  • Projects